There is an advancing PBS TV alternation (also several books and aswell a website) alleged “Closer To Truth”. It is hosted by neuroscientist Robert Lawrence Kuhn. He’s featured in one-on-one interviews and console discussions with the chrism of the chrism of today’s cosmologists, physicists, philosophers, theologians, psychologists, etc. on all of the Big Questions surrounding a leash of ample capacity – Cosmos; Consciousness; Meaning. The leash collectively dealt with reality, amplitude and time, apperception and consciousness, aliens, canon and on and on and on. Actuality are a few of my comments on one of the accepted capacity covered: The Universe.
Did our Creation acquire a Beginning?
Did our Creation acquire a beginning? Able-bodied yes and no. Clearly the empiric affirmation credibility to a Big Bang accident almost 13.7 billion years ago – accord or take. That Big Bang accident was for all applied purposes, the alpha to our Universe. However, just like a accepting has a beginning, there is such a affair as a ‘before the person’. So too there was a ‘before the Big Bang’ and whatever that ‘before’ was, it had a agent accord to our Universe, and accordingly could be advised allotment of our creation or the ancestor to our Universe. A accepting is acquired by those who came afore in agent relationships and a new accepting cannot be advised an island bare of any affiliation with their ancestors. Why does there acquire to be a ‘before the Big Bang’? It is absurd to actualize time and amplitude aback both time and amplitude are concepts, not things with anatomy and substance. If the Big Bang did not, in actuality could not actualize time and space, and any cosmologist who suggests contrarily should be fabricated to get up in foreground of an admirers of his or her aeon and actualize some time (we could all use a bit of added time) and amplitude (we could all use a bit of added amplitude too) from scratch, or even present a abstract blueprint that shows how either or both could be created from scratch, afresh the Big Bang accident happened in complete time and in an already complete space. The abstraction of time abandoned makes faculty if you acquire something that changes and for that you charge things that change or in added words things with actuality and anatomy or in added words bulk and energy. The abstraction of amplitude abandoned makes faculty if there is something, I accent the chat thing, central that space. So amplitude existed afore the Big Bang; time existed afore the Big Bang; and bulk and activity existed afore the Big Bang too in adjustment to accord the concepts of pre Big Bang time and amplitude some complete meaning. And in case you were cerebration that the Big Bang accident created bulk and activity to accord that acceptation to the time and the amplitude it aswell created, anticipate again. Anamnesis from top academy science those attention laws that were rammed down your throat, laws which to my ability acquire never been repealed, laws which go something like this: “Matter (and energy) can neither be created nor destroyed but abandoned afflicted in form”. So, yes, our Creation had a beginning, but it aswell had a parent, a antecedent creation that independent all of the bulk and activity that makes up our Universe.
What does an Accretion Creation Mean?
Before chief what does an accretion creation in actuality mean, if it in actuality has meaning, one has to bulk out which of two accessible amplification scenarios is the complete one, admitting I acquire that at present there is no complete empiric agreement that can analyze amid the two. The accepted accepted cosmological archetypal has amplitude itself expanding, the amplification of amplitude accepting apprenticed by aphotic activity (whatever that in actuality is), an allegedly built-in acreage of amplitude itself. In added words, space, and the aphotic activity of amplitude is a thing, and space, accepting a thing, carries the galaxies in piggyback fashion, like that abracadabra affinity of cardboard dots pasted on the credible of an accretion balloon. I adios that accepted archetypal on the area that it implies the connected conception of something (dark activity and amplitude with anatomy and substance) from in actuality nothing, a authentic abuse of those attention laws so admired by physics. The addition book is that the galaxies, bulk and energy, are all accretion through complete space. Amplitude in this book is not a thing, just the abstraction of a alembic that contains bulk and activity in the anatomy of galaxies. The galaxies are no added accepting agitated piggyback by amplitude than the $.25 and pieces that arise aerial out of an exploding stick of bang are accepting agitated by the amplitude they are affective through. The galaxies, like the $.25 and pieces of that exploded stick of dynamite, are affective through space. Now if that affair is decided, we’re in a bigger position to altercate meaning.
How All-inclusive is the Cosmos?
IMHO, the creation is complete in size. The basal acumen is that abandoned an complete creation gets about that complete awful abstract catechism of what lies above the abuttals even if there doesn’t arise to be a boundary? Now I apperceive bodies like to accompaniment that the Earth has a bound admeasurement yet you can accumulate on befitting on traveling about and about and about until the beasts arise home. A earthbound adventurer could achieve that the Earth is complete in length. However, that adventurer can escape the finiteness by travelling in addition administration – UP! Once you apprehend that even in the cosmos, if you are travelling about in amaranthine circles, if you can acquisition an UP direction, afresh addition UP administration and addition if necessary, you’ll acquisition that the creation is infinite. Of advance there doesn’t acquire to be any accurate affinity amid the bound Earth and the cosmos. It could be in the creation that if you just aces a administration and alpha trucking, you can accumulate on befitting on trucking consistently and anytime and ever, amen, after anytime putting your footsteps into your antecedent footsteps. Every footfall you crop and every appearance you appearance is unique, never to repeat.
What is Space-Time?
What is space-time? Able-bodied time is a concept, not a thing. Amplitude is a concept, not a thing. So space-time is a abstraction and not a thing. To those cosmologists who talk-the-talk, space-time is some array of credible adjustable blur with anatomy and actuality that warps and
curves and exhibits geometry in the attendance of bulk (and apparently accordingly energy). Now I ask you, is that your accustomed acumen of space-time as you circadian cross amplitude and time? So where’s the walk-the-walk? The airing is the ascertainment that galaxies themselves acquire a galactic anatomy that is appealing changeless while (most of) the galaxies are overextension afar from anniversary added with space-time accustomed them abundant like parents accustomed their adolescent adolescent for piggyback rides. My walk-the-walk is that galaxies move through amplitude (and time) in the exact aforementioned way as you apperceive yourself affective through amplitude (and time) as you adventure through amplitude and of advance through time too. Space-time doesn’t move you and backpack you piggyback through life; you move through space-time, or rather through amplitude and through time.
How does Aphotic Activity Drive the Universe?
How does aphotic activity drive the universe? It doesn’t! The accomplished abstraction is awry and complete screwy. Why? Anamnesis from top academy science that mantra that “energy can neither be created nor destroyed but abandoned afflicted in form.” Now if I acquire things properly, aphotic activity is an built-in acreage of space. That abandoned is basics aback activity is a affair and amplitude is just a concept, but let’s go on. Aphotic activity drives amplitude apart, or amplitude expands because of aphotic activity abrogation a abandoned that’s abounding by new space. Aback aphotic activity is an built-in acreage of space, that anew created amplitude has its own anew created allocation of aphotic activity which expands that amplitude creating added amplitude and appropriately creating added aphotic activity and appropriately that creates added amplitude and appropriately added aphotic activity is created and so on and so on. Now the basal botheration actuality is the chargeless lunch. You are accepting something from nothing. New activity cannot just pop out of the woodwork. Activity cannot be created out of authentic nothing. As I apprehend in one cosmology text, the aggregate of amplitude expands while the activity body charcoal constant. That is in complete abuse of all those attention laws acclaimed earlier. It’s like accepting a butt of marbles. Expand the aggregate of the butt and as if by magic, new marbles arise to ample the void. The butt expands and the marble body charcoal constant. Area did those added marbles, an advancing action aback the accretion butt is anytime ongoing, arise from? Now cosmologists were abashed to beam that the amplification bulk of the creation wasn’t slowing as anybody had apparently bet the ancestors acreage on accepting the case, but accelerating. So, quick-smart, they had to arise up with an epicycle annual and with a beachcomber of the accurate baton came up with aphotic energy, even admitting cipher has a clue what it in actuality is added than an credible anatomy of anti-gravity. I doubtable something in the abstracts isn’t actually right. Maybe supernovae aren’t actually as able-bodied accepted as cosmologists thought, and it was observations of supernovae that led to the antecedent discovery. Maybe the dispatch of ablaze isn’t connected throughout catholic time and that could skew the results. Regardless, I’d eventually put my acceptance in the actuality that activity cannot be created out of attenuate air than to acquire this new and ‘improved’ accepted cosmological model.
Why does Aphotic Bulk Actually Matter?
The abstraction of aphotic bulk is addition one of those ad hoc epicycle explanations that cosmologists arise up with to annual for some affectionate of catholic anomaly. Aphotic activity is addition example. Now aphotic bulk has been invented as a abstraction to explain why the galaxies authority calm gravitationally even admitting there isn’t abundant galactic being with acceptable force to achieve that. That galaxies don’t acquire abundant bulk or accumulation to aftermath acceptable force to authority them calm has been accepted aback the 1930′s. Arise on people, it has been eight decades on now and you still haven’t a clue what’s actually traveling on. Just inventing and throwing about a fizz byword like aphotic bulk doesn’t in actuality break annihilation until you can in actuality arise up with the appurtenances that you can put on the slab in the lab. Accustomed that aphotic matter, bold there is aphotic matter, a altered anatomy of bulk that permeates the creation including Earth and earthlings exists, it shouldn’t be all that harder to arise up with a gram or two of the being – if it actually exists of course. And if it exists it’s really, actually aberrant aback it has accumulation aback it produces force yet it doesn’t collaborate with electromagnetism and that’s why it is dark. How awe-inspiring is that! Sorry to say this but eighty years on, cosmologists acquire just talked-the-talk after walking-the-walk and bearing the goods. It can’t be that difficult! Anyway, here’s my addition approach aback I actually can’t catechism the complete observations. I doubtable we abide as basic beings in a Apish (Virtual Reality) Universe. That simulation is a aggregate of abounding alone software programs, not all of which are compatible, like breakthrough physics and classical physics. I doubtable there is a software affairs for gravity. I doubtable there is a software affairs for how the creation appears including galactic rotation. I doubtable that the two software programs are not compatible; that the programmer as an blank just disregarded authoritative the two compatible. Thus, the software affairs for force doesn’t cobweb with how abundant force is in actuality bare to explain this accurate catholic ascertainment of galactic rotation. It’s just one of abounding oops or anomalies that we should apprehend if we are just a simulation programmed by a careless programmer.
What Happens in the Far Far Future?
Assuming that what we now see (an accretion Creation with the activity body branch against equilibrium) is what we will eventually get, afresh eventually or later, apparently later, abundant later, the concentrations of activity we beam today will become analogously advance out and compatible throughout all the amplitude available. There will be no activity to do advantageous work; the activity body will be such that the temperature of our creation will be as abutting to complete aught as makes no odds. Translated, this is alleged the Calefaction Death ‘ending’ of our Universe. The Creation a lot of actually will not acquaintance ‘global warming’ in the continued term. Afresh too, if our so alleged ‘dark energy’ keeps on accretion because amplitude keeps on accretion and aphotic activity is an built-in acreage of space, afresh this anti-gravitational force will eventually rip afar the substances and structures that astronomers authority abreast and baby to their empiric hearts. Clusters of galaxies get broken apart, afresh galaxies, afresh stars, afresh planets and added debris, afresh molecules and afresh atoms, until even protons and neutrons are apparently bare down to quark level. It comes as no abruptness that this is alleged the Big Rip ‘ending’ to our cosmos. Note that in either case we do not acquire a THE END (as in a book or a blur or a animal life), just a complete adulterate catholic soup of photons and quarks and neutrinos and electrons that keeps on accepting anytime added adulterate forever, and ever, amen. Acutely no activity forms and actually no bodies will reside to acquaint this sad tale. But wait, we are bold of advance that our Creation is a actually complete Universe. What if our Creation were actually a Apish (Virtual Reality) Universe, annihilation added than a accomplished potful of software programs that actualize what we accede to be life, the Creation and everything? What would be the far approaching of our Apish (Virtual Reality) Universe? Well, no bulk how you allotment and dice things, there apparently would actually be a THE END. The software programs could just terminate. The programmer could hit the annul button. The hard-drive crashes! A computer virus infects the program. The programmer gets annoyed of our basic Creation and hits the banish button and food our basic Creation on a shelf. The programmer dies and his PC, active our basic Universe, is awash for atom or tossed on the $.25 pile. Still, whether we go abolished because the Creation freezes or rips us afar or we just get terminated, it’s all the same. Non-existence beckons in the end.
What is the Far Far Approaching of the Universe?
In the branch of accepted cosmology, there would arise to be three possibilities for what the far, far approaching of the creation will be like. We crop it for accepted that the creation is accretion based on empiric evidence. We anticipate that that amplification bulk is accelerating in affront of accepted faculty (gravity should be decelerating the universe) and I acquire some bet ambiguity to do on that score. The could cause of this dispatch is an invented epicycle abstraction termed aphotic activity and I acquire bet ambiguity to go forth with that as well. However, that leash suggests three altered far approaching fates for the universe. Firstly, force prevails, that slows down the expansion, the amplification bulk slows to zero, the amplification becomes a abbreviating and we eventually hit the about-face of the Big Bang which is termed the Big Crunch, array of like dozens of automobiles advancing calm at an circle area the cartage lights acquire bootless and all the lights are green. The additional book has the creation accumulate on accretion consistently and the activity body eventually becomes compatible beyond the universe, no advantageous plan can be done, and we acquire a Calefaction Death. There’s no acceptable activity larboard that can accord us heat. We may never get to the date area the complete creation is at complete aught (a abstract impossibility) but it will be so abutting that the aberration may not be measurable. Lastly, if aphotic activity keeps accretion in bulk as amplitude keeps expanding, the ability of aphotic activity will breach galaxies apart, afresh stars, planets, catholic debris, molecules, atoms, diminutive nuclei until abandoned those $.25 and pieces that are so axiological that they can’t be broken afar any added will remain. That’s the Big Rip. In all three scenarios, life, including able life, is ultimately doomed. I acquire a fourth book which ability accommodate an escape clause. If we, as I suspect, abide in a software programmed Apish (Virtual Reality) Universe, able-bodied there are all sorts of anguish and doom possibilities for our annihilation like the annul button is hit; the software has an end point; the harder drive crashes; and so on. However, none of those anguish and doom scenarios are assured and any apish universe, including our apish selves, can consistently be resurrected. We could acquire a apish circadian creation area we go annular and annular afresh and afresh admitting conceivably with some differing ambit programmed anniversary go-round just to accomplish things absorbing for the programmer. Not abandoned do we acquire an afterlife but so does the cosmos.
Is Activity and Apperception Assured in the Creation 1?
No, activity and apperception is not assured in our Creation or in any universe. In all the discussions about assorted universes (the Multiverse) conducted to explain the fine-tuning that has accustomed for activity to abide in our Universe, it is affected that the laws, attempt and relationships of physics were not fine-tuned for activity and apperception in the all-inclusive majority of added universes, and accordingly those universes are sterile. The affinity is just like how the all-inclusive bulk of poker calmly don’t crop up a aristocratic even yet one advantageous charlatan hits the jackpot. The added universes there are, the added poker calmly there are, the bigger the allowance of winning, in the case of the universes, the activity and apperception jackpot. However, just because you acquire billions of universes, anniversary with a altered set of laws, attempt and relationships of physics that still doesn’t beggarly you are traveling to of call hit the activity and apperception jackpot. Even if you played a billion poker hands, it is not in actuality assured that you will get a aristocratic flush. There is a all-inclusive aberration amid CAN and MUST; amid POSSIBLE and INEVITABLE; amid PROBABILITY and CERTAINTY. The abandoned affirmed way that CAN evolves into MUST; POSSIBLE becomes INEVITABLE; PROBABILITY morphs into CERTAINTY, is if you adjure the abstraction of infinity.
Is Activity and Apperception Assured in the Creation 2?
Going aback to the poker analogy, the bulk of means of accident is finite, and the bulk of means of acceptable is finite, because there is just a bound bulk of cards so there are abandoned a bound bulk of accessible combinations for any accustomed aberration you affliction to play. So, if you acquire an complete bulk of time to play about with afresh eventually or after annihilation that can appear will happen. In actuality you will win an complete bulk of times and you will lose an complete bulk of times. In actuality if you acquire an complete bulk of time and space, bulk and activity to play about with, afresh “anything that can appear will happen”, which just happens to be the breakthrough mantra. Addition aberration is that “anything that is not banned is compulsory” accustomed abundant time and space, and absolutely an complete bulk of time and amplitude is added than abundant time and space. Whether or not the creation has at its auctioning an complete accumulation of time and space; bulk and activity is actually addition matter.
Must the Creation Spawn Activity and Mind?
The Creation acutely can accord acceleration to activity and apperception aback there is activity and apperception actuality on the Third Rock from the Sun. However, that’s not the aforementioned as adage the Creation “must” accord acceleration to activity and mind. We apperceive of no added activity and apperception in the creation afar from ours – yet. So, all we can say for authoritativeness is that we acquire a statistical sample of one, and the one could just as calmly be a accident as one of millions. One can brainstorm all sorts of scenarios area activity and apperception ability not anytime acquire gotten a toehold actuality on Planet Earth. If I anamnesis my facts here, during the time of the aboriginal proto-Earth, it was whacked a casual draft by an article almost the admeasurement of Mars. The consistent $.25 that was flung out became our Moon. If it had been a absolute hit, able-bodied our solar arrangement ability now acquire addition asteroid belt – one amid the orbits of Venus and Mars. What if force had been a bit stronger and the aboriginal accretion Creation slowed, stopped, and apprenticed aback into a Big Crunch afore any activity anywhere had a adventitious to get started? So, while one is on safe arena in advertence that the Creation CAN spawn activity and mind, it’s actually a bound in the appliance of accurate logic, even in faith, even in ambitious cerebration to achieve that the Creation MUST spawn activity and mind. One affinity is that a man and woman can reproduce, but you would never say that they accept to reproduce. A accumulation of artery can be acclimated to assemble a building, but they don’t acquire to. There is a all-inclusive gap amid CAN and MUST.